Brisbane, Perth and Canberra are considered to be major cities not only in
Australia but also in the world.
The British Colonies
of Australia were federated and the Commonwealth of Australia is established on
January 1, 1901.
New Year's Day (1st
January); Australia Day (26th January); Good Friday, Easter Saturday, Sunday
and Monday (varies depends on the dates in March or April); ANZAC – Australian
and New Zealand Army Corps Day (25th April); Queen's Birthday (13th June);
Christmas Day (25th December); and Boxing Day (26th December).
Australia is the
world's driest inhabited continent (Antarctica is drier) and many of its rivers
have high variable flows. Australia has one of the longest rivers like the
Murray and other major rivers like the Murrumbidgee, the Darling (a tributary
of the Murray River) and the Lachlan. The Murray-Darling River Basin covers
more than one million square kilometers or around 14 percent of Australia.
The climate in
Australia is subtropical arid. The North has hot, humid and rainy summers and
dry/warm winters. In the South, summers are dry and sunny, winters are mild and
rainy. Except on the Eastern Coast, the rainfall is generally low. Average
annual rainfall ranges from 325.6 millimeters in Alice Springs to 1,847.1
millimeters in Darwin. The average daily maximum temperature ranges from 17.2º
C in Hobart to 32.1º C in Darwin. The average daily minimum temperature ranges
from 6.7º C in Canberra to 23.4º C in Darwin.
significant deposits of coal, natural gas, petroleum and various minerals like
bauxite, copper, diamonds, gold, iron ore, lead, nickel, silver, tungsten,
uranium and zinc.
Australia has a
peaceful and relaxed atmosphere with a cosmopolitan charisma of cities like
Sydney and Melbourne. This is an ideal destination for the students who want to
study. Australia provides strong educational infrastructure, a high quality of
life, relatively less expensive and easy visa chances. Australian education has
heavy competition and is gaining the increased acceptance in this global arena.
In the past few years, approximately more than 1.4 million students from
different countries have studied in this country. Also, there are many Indian students
who already studied and are studying mainly the post-graduate courses. Students
from all over the world study in Australia to take the advantage of its world
class higher education, its progressive vocational education and training and
world class leadership in English language courses for international students.
The students not only enjoy the quality of education but also the specialized
support services, safe and welcoming society.
standardization of Australian education and training has been growing rapidly.
The linkages between the Australian schools, colleges and universities with the
students and the staff have blossomed in the recent years. The Australian
Department of Education, Science and Training is represented in India at the
Australian High Commission in New Delhi.
The Australian method
of study is quite different with the educational system that is experienced in
different countries like India. Therefore it is very important for a student to
give a head start and it is always better to keep up to date with the
Australian news, current affairs and become familiar with the Australian
educational system and its learning culture. The Australian accent is different
and hard but practicing and listening will make a student soon understand the
local terms and the way of speaking. In Australia, the students are expected to
collect and analyze data individually or sometimes in groups, take an active
part in the learning process, conduct research, participate in discussions and
debates, prepare the presentations and deliver them before other students and
lecturers/professors or tutors. The students have an opportunity to spend a
great deal of time in libraries and laboratories conducting their own research.
The students are assessed continuously through assignments, examinations and
presentations. The students have to adapt this new process of learning and
assessment to get their graduation or to complete the courses. Any academic
problems can be easily discussed with the respective tutors/professors and can